Stem Cells for Hope



Welcome to our website & discussion forums

Home     Stem Cells 101   Treatable Conditions   Patients' Experiences   Forums    Contact      FAQ
Monday, September 27, 2010 10:51:27 PM 
  Home Forums Help Search Login Register Contact Us  

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis


Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)
, sometimes called juvenile chronic arthritis, is a childhood disease that causes inflamed, swollen joints that are often stiff and painful. JRA affects about 1 in 1,000 children aged 16 and younger.

There are three types of JRA. Each type is based on the number of joints affected during the first 6 months of active disease:

What causes juvenile rheumatoid arthritis?

The cause of JRA is not well-understood. Most experts believe JRA is caused by a combination of factors, including an overly active immune system that inappropriately attacks joint tissues, viral or bacterial infections that may trigger the autoimmune process, and genetic factors that make a child's immune system more likely to react inappropriately.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms common to all three forms of JRA include joint pain, a disturbance in the way a child walks (abnormal gait), and joint stiffness that lasts longer than 1 hour in the morning. In JRA, the membranes or tissues (synovial membranes) lining the joints become inflamed (synovitis) for more than 6 weeks. Many children with JRA are more aware of joint swelling and problems with mobility (gait disturbances) than pain.

Inflammatory eye disease can develop as a complication of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) and if untreated can lead to blindness. All children diagnosed with JRA need regular eye examinations by an ophthalmologist. Girls with pauciarticular JRA, particularly those who have a positive antinuclear antibody (ANA) test result, are at high risk for eye disease and need the most frequent eye examinations. Eye disease associated with JRA may not cause symptoms but may cause blurred vision early in its development.

How is juvenile rheumatoid arthritis diagnosed?

JRA is diagnosed through findings from your child's medical history and a physical examination, including the pattern and nature of joint symptoms, and tests that help to rule out other conditions. Tests that often are helpful in isolating the cause of symptoms include a complete blood count (CBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR, or sed rate), rheumatoid factor, ANA, urinalysis, and strep test.

 

Mission Statement

Our mission is to educate the general public on stem cell therapies now available to treat common neurological diseases and injuries.

Navigate Our Site
Stem Cells 101 Stem Cells 101
This page will explain stem cell therapies.  It answer many questions you may have regarding stem cell therapy for many common neurological disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, stroke and multiple sclerosis
Patients' Experiences Patients' Experiences
This page will share patient's experiences.  We expect this page to grow as more people participate.
Treatable Conditions Treatable Conditions
An informative that lists conditions that may be treated with stem cell therapies.
Frequently asked Questions FAQ
Frequently asked questions regarding stem cell therapies. This is a forum discussion, so if you are a registered member, you can ask questions here.
Forums Forums
Our discussion forums which act as a community for people who are interested in stem cell therapies, who have personal experiences to share, and who have questions to ask.

Contact Us

Contact Us
Please contact us with any questions or comments you may have regarding stem cell therapies or our website.

   
Join our forums!  Login (Forgot your password?)
Login